▶キーワード：Elderly(高齢者), IKIGAI(生きがい), Well-being（幸福感） , Morale(モラール), Life Satisfaction(人生満足), Purpose in Life(人生の目的), Definition(定義), Interdisciplinary(学際), Japanese Culture(日本文化), Life Style(生き方)
The Review of IKIGAI on the Relationship of Ikigai and Well-being in the Elderly
Akihiro Hasegawa*， Yoshinori Fujiwara** and Tanji Hoshi*** *Graduate Student， Tokyo Metropolitan University ** “TokyoMetropolitan Institute of Gerontology ***GraduateSchool of Urban Science， Tokyo Metropolitan University
This paper reviws evidence concerning the relationship of IKIGAI and Well-being in the elderly people. The word “IKIGAI” has a meaning peculiar to Japan， and includes various concepts. The word “IKIGAI” from Japanese translates into English， it would be similar to self-actualization， meaning of life， purose in life.
The purpose of this paper is considering as the data at the time of arranging the result including the definition reported by “IKIGAI” research and the related factor. We would be specify a definition of “IKIGAI” newly， and considering a future subject and the direction of research.
The reference reported until now was surveyed and “IKIGAI” was defined newly as follows “IKIGAI” is work of the mind which unified an “object” and “the feeling by which it is accompanied”， when person inquired as“What is your IKIGAI ? ““object” includes a past experience， the present occurrence， and the image of future. On the other hand，“the feeling by which it is accompanied” includes the various feeling of the springing self-actualization and will， life fullness， useful volition ， and the feeling of presence， the feeling of the intended movement. If the simple measure which can measure “IKIGAI” in deployment of future research， and the standardized question are completed， the original research which explores medical treatment， health， welfare， and not only a gerontology but Japanese culture will be attained， and the difference by the place-of-residence region in and outside the country can also be considered. Moreover， since “IKIGAI” deals in the indicator of an individual way of life， it would be an interdisciplinary research subject.
Comprehensive Urban Studies， No.75， 2001， pp.147-170